What are the Causes of Gynecomastia in Puberty?

September 14, 2021 Dr. Shilpy Dolas No comments exist

Gynecomastia is a condition of overdevelopment of men’s boob. It is more common in teenage boys and older men. 

Many boys experience a level of hormonal imbalance during puberty. In puberty, irrespective of gender, our body undergoes many changes. In boys, sometimes an imbalance between androgen and estrogen hormones causes the development of breast tissue during puberty, which is referred to as gynecomastia. This is a fairly common occurrence but it can cause self-consciousness and can be quite disheartening.

Gynecomastia can be caused due to side effects of certain medicines, like antidepressants, antibiotics, chemotherapy, prostate cancer medicines, ulcer or cardiovascular medicines. 

Some diseases and medical conditions may also lead to gynecomastia. These conditions include:

  • Liver diseases
  • Kidney disease
  • Lung cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Tumors of the adrenal glands or pituitary gland
  • Some conditions that a baby is born with (congenital disorders)
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Injury or trauma
  • Obesity

In newborn babies, gynecomastia can occur for the short term due to the reason a mother’s estrogen stays in a baby’s blood for a while after birth.

How can gynecomastia be treated?

Surgery is the only option to treat gynecomastia, which must be performed only by a certified breast surgeon. 

Dr Shilpy Dolas is a board-certified breast cosmetic surgeon who has mastered the art of treating gynecomastia. 

If you are having any doubts, consult the expert breast surgeon to understand the condition and procedure. 

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